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舌尖上的西安:十款必吃特色美食大揭秘!

中等

高中二年级

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健康与饮食

西安,是中国历史上最重要的四大古都之一,也是丝绸之路的起点。西安拥有丰富的历史文化遗产,如秦始皇兵马俑、大雁塔、西安城墙等,也有多样的美食风味,如肉夹馍、凉皮、羊肉泡馍等。本文介绍了西安十大特色美食,一起来看看吧。
The ancient city of Xi’an in Shaanxi province, known for its Terracotta Warriors, is also a food paradise. Located on the ancient Silk Road, foods in Xi’an have been influenced by places far and wide. With a long history of growing wheat, Xi’an is home to various flour-based food, with simple noodles coming in different shapes, sizes, and tastes. Now, let’s check out some typical foods from Xi’an.
陕西省西安古城以兵马俑闻名,也是一个美食天堂。西安地处古丝绸之路上,饮食受到了各地的影响。西安有着悠久的小麦种植历史,是各种面粉食品的故乡,简单的面条有不同的形状、大小和口味。现在,让我们来看看西安的一些典型食物。
Roujiamo is one of the most famous street foods in Xi’an and is also known as China’s version of the hamburger. It consists of small pieces of pork with green peppers and cilantro inside crispy (酥脆的) baked round bread. Yangrou paomo is also a famous food from Xi’an. The main ingredient is mutton, and it’s served with very small, narrow pieces of bread, sliced mutton, scallions, cilantro, chili, and a flavorful soup poured over it. Guokui , or dry bread, is known by many people too. It tastes crispy outside and soft inside. It’s usually paired with pepper, onion, garlic and other spices.
肉夹馍是西安最有名的街头小吃之一,也是中国版的汉堡。它由小块猪肉、青椒和香菜放在脆烤圆面包里组成。羊肉泡馍也是西安的名食。它的主要原料是羊肉,配上很小很窄的馍块、羊肉片、葱、香菜、辣椒和浇在上面的美味汤。锅盔或干馍也为许多人所知。它吃起来外酥里软。它通常与胡椒、洋葱、大蒜和其他香料搭配。
Besides, Xi’an is a noodle city. Biangbiang noodles are thick, fat and long. They are three fingers wide, and served dry with toppings of chili and streaky pork. Liangpi is cold noodles made from wheat or rice flour, and a popular dish in many other places in China, especially in summer. It tastes cold, and is known for its white color, thin shape, smooth surface, and tender (嫩的) taste. Youpo mian are hand-pulled noodles. Boiling oil is poured over the top to create a special, pleasant smell when serving.
此外,西安是一个面条城市。扁担面又厚又肥又长。凉皮是用小麦或米粉做成的冷面,在中国许多其他地方都很受欢迎,尤其是在夏天。它吃起来很凉,以其白色、薄形、表面光滑、口感细嫩而闻名。油泼面是手工拉面。将滚烫的油倒在上面,食用时会产生一种特殊的、令人愉快的味道。
Above all else, there are also other delicious foods in Xi’an. For example, huluji, gourd-shaped (葫芦状) chicken, is boiled and deep-fried until tender. The chicken has golden and crisp skin as well as fresh and tender meat. And zenggao , a rice cake, is made of sticky rice and Chinese jujubes (大枣). It earns its name from its cooker, the zeng , a traditional cooker with small holes. Then, there are soup dumplings, which are steamed buns served with sauce inside. They are finely processed with carefully-chosen materials. They feature fresh meats, thin wrappers, and rich flavor.
除此之外,西安还有其他美味的食物。例如葫芦鸡,葫芦鸡,煮后油炸至嫩。这只鸡有金黄色的脆皮和鲜嫩的肉。甑糕是一种年糕,是用糯米和大枣做成的。它的名字来源于它的炊具,甑,一种传统的有小孔的蒸器。然后是酸汤水饺,水饺是里面有酱汁的馅。它们是用精心挑选的材料精心加工而成的。它们的特点是肉新鲜,包装薄,味道浓郁。
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1 . Which of the following doesn’t belong to the features of Xi’an foods?

A.

Time-honored.

B.

Deeply affected.

C.

Rich flavoured.

D.

Spicy and sweet.

2 . What’s the common feature of roujiamo and guokui?

A.

They taste different inside and outside.

B.

They are called meat burgers.

C.

There are onions in them.

D.

They are boiled.

3 . Among the noodles, what’s special about youpo mian?

A.

They are very wide.

B.

They taste cold.

C.

They are made by hand.

D.

They are deep-fried.

4 . Which of the following foods is named after its cooker?

A.

Guokui.

B.

Huluji.

C.

Zenggao.

D.

Soup dumplings.

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